Pope Pius IX
|Other names||Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti|
|Died||February 7, 1878|
|Status||Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.|
|Date of formal Beatification||Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
|Source of Facts||Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.|
Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti was born in Senigallia into the noble family of Girolamo dei conti Ferretti, and was educated at the Piarist College in Volterra and in Rome. He attempted to join the Noble Guard but was turned down due to his epilepsy. He instead studied theology at the Roman Seminary.
Mastai-Ferretti was made Archbishop of Spoleto in 1827, at the age of 35. The following year he was moved to the more prestigious diocese of Imola, was made a cardinal in pectore in 1839, and in 1840 was publicly announced as Cardinal Priest of Santi Pietro e Marcellino.
Due to the political climate at the time of the death of Pope Gregory XVI (1831-46) in 1846, only 46 out of the 62 Cardinals took part in the election of Cardinal Mastai-Ferretti to become Pope Pius IX. Pius IX was crowned on 21 June 1846, and chose Cardinal Gizzi as his Secretary of State.
In an encyclical of November 1846 he denounced secret societies (such as Circolo Romano), the Bible associations, false philosophy, communism, and the media.
His Syllabus of Errors issued in 1864 as an appendix to his encyclical Quanta Cura condemned as heresy 80 propositions, many on political topics, and firmly established his pontificate in opposition to secularism, rationalism, and modernism in all its forms.
By early 1848, public disorder had forced Pius IX to concede a lay ministry and a constitution, although he held fast against war with Austria (April 1848). Public disorder grew, with repeated riots; the Prime Minister was murdered (November 15) and the Pope was denounced and trapped by a mob in the Quirinal. Pius IX escaped in disguise to Gaeta on November 24, in the kingdom of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, leaving Rome to the patriots of freedom from tyranny.
A Roman Republic was declared in February 1849. When General Oudinot's expeditionary force made its direct attack in April 1849, and the Constituent Assembly in Rome passed a resolution of protest (May 7, 1849), French President Louis Napoleon (the future Napoleon III of France) encouraged him and assured him of reinforcements from France. The Pope appealed for support, and Napoleon — who had engaged in a liberal insurrection in the states of the church himself in 1831 — now sent troops that crushed the republic (June 29), although Pius IX did not return to Rome until April 1850.
After his return from exile in 1850, the Pope re-instituted the Jewish Ghetto again, together with a series of anti-liberal measures. After losing all temporal power, in a speech in 1871 he called the Jews of Rome "dogs" and said: "of these dogs, there are too many of them at present in Rome, and we hear them howling in the streets, and they are disturbing us in all places."
In 1858, in a highly publicized case, a six-year-old Jewish boy, Edgardo Mortara, was taken from his parents by the police of the Papal States. He had reportedly been baptized by a Christian servant girl of the family while he was ill, because she feared that otherwise he would go to Hell if he died. At that time, the law did not permit Christians to be raised by Jews, even their own parents. Pius IX steadfastly refused "to extradite a soul" Calls from The Times, numerous heads of state including Emperor Franz Josef (1848–1916) of Austria-Hungary and Emperor Napoleon III of France (1852–70) and Ambassador Gramont to return the child to his parents, were politely rejected.
Although the Pope was safe to return to Rome, under the protection of French and Austrian troops, the climate remained tense. To counter the movement for Freedom, Pope Pius IX ordered the creation of a giant Papal army of volunteers in 1860: the papal zouaves (zuavi pontifici) under the command of general de La Moricière. They came from different countries, France, Holland (the majority), Belgium, Canada, England, even from the United States and from Italy.
Revolutionaries in Romagna called upon Piedmont for annexation. In February 1860, Victor Emmanuel II demanded Umbria and the Marches; when his demand was refused, he took them by force. After defeating the papal army on September 18 at Castelfidardo, and on September 30 at Ancona, Victor Emmanuel took all the Papal territories except Latium with Rome. In September 1870, he seized Rome as well, making it the capital of a new united Italy after its capture on September 20. He granted Pius IX the Law of Guarantees (May 13, 1871) which gave the Pope the use of the Vatican but denied him sovereignty over this territory.
By the Bull Universalis Ecclesiae (29 September 1850), he recreated a Roman Catholic hierarchy in England and Wales, which had become extinct with the death of the last Marian bishop in the reign of Elizabeth I; a similar pronouncement followed for the Netherlands in 1853.
His December 1864 encyclical Quanta cura condemned eighty errors (Syllabus errorum) related to many of the important intellectual ideas of the century such as rationalism, socialism, communism, and freedom of religion.
He organised, convened and supervised the First Vatican Council (1869–1870) which defined the dogma of Papal infallibility.
With the end of the Papal States in 1870, Pope Pius IX was thus the last Pope to hold temporal powers.
Pius IX died on 7 February 1878. he was succeeded by Pope Leo XIII.
Most Evil Crimes
List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime Of kidnap, false imprisonment of a child (1858): That Pope Pius IX did support the kidnap and false imprisonment of a six-year-old Jewish boy, Edgardo Mortara, taken from his parents by the police of the Papal States, because he had been baptized a Christian when ill. That Pope Pius IX steadfastly refused calls from numerous heads of state including Emperor Franz Josef (1848–1916) of Austria-Hungary and Emperor Napoleon III of France (1852–70) to return the child to his parents. Of establishing an unlawful enterprise for the purpose of crime : (1860-present day CE) That Pope Pius IX, in collaboration with other church officials did recruit both prisoners and known terrorists of the state from Southern Italy to form a new unlawful organisation for the purpose of crime known as the Cosa Nostra also known as the Mafia, also known as the Sicilian Mafia for the specific purposes of: (1) disrupting the effective government of a new united Italy with the ultimate goal of seeing the return of the former land holdings of the Papal states; (2) obtaining assets and funds by stealth, theft, other illegal enterprises and “other” means by way of recompense for the loss of income through the annulment of the Papal states; and (3) assisting the church in covert matters and management of special debts, loans and finances. Of publishing false statements : (1864) That Pope Pius IX did publish a number of false statements through the encyclical Quanta cura and the Syllabus of Errors in which he condemned some 80 propositions derived from scientific method and rationalism. Liberalism & socialism are denounced. That Pope Pius IX did this to deliberately attempt to introduce conflict and concern towards science, constitutional democracies, rational thinking and attempt to thwart the growing common sense secular thinking of the world. Of crimes against humanity through destabilizing the spread of human rights and freedom (1864): That Pope Pius IX and the Roman Catholic Church did actively work against the spread of democratic values and freedoms, stating publicly in the Papal Bull Quanta cura and the Syllabus of Errors their contempt for such values. Furthermore, that Pope Pius IX did specifically attached the American Declaration of Independence and did condemn to Hell 'those who assert liberty of conscience and of religious worship'. That because of the active funding of destabilizing forces against the spread of constitutional democracy, the Roman Catholic Church is directly responsible for numerous dictatorships, murder and misery of hundreds of millions, just from (1864) to the present day. Of crimes against humanity : (1861-1865) That Pope Pius IX did plan, coordinate and deliberately instigate the conditions and actions that directly led to the American Civil War, in particular the rise of the secessionist movement of wealthy slave owners, the funding of extremists on both sides (North and South), on the political successes of Southern President Davis an in particular on the attach of Fort Sumter in South Carolina which started the conflict. That the motivations of the Papacy were not only to sustain its last profitable enterprise of slave trade, but to actively destabilize the largest constitutional democracy in the world. That so directly involved were the Papacy in causing the war that President Abraham Lincoln himself did write and say: “This war would never have been possible without the sinister influence of the Jesuits. We owe it to Popery that we now see our land reddened with the blood of her noblest sons. Though there were great differences of opinion between the South and North, on the question of slavery, neither Jeff Davis nor any one of the leading men of the Confederacy would have dared to attack the North, had they not relied on the promise of the Jesuits, that, under the mask of Democracy, the money and the arms of the Roman Catholics, even the arms of France, were at their disposal if they would attack us.” President Lincoln. Furthermore, the direct and constant involvement of Pope Pius IX is also evident in his attempt to prolong the war by pledging support in a letter to Confederate President Jefferson Davis in 1863 in which the Pope pledged his sympathy to the Southern cause, that there were people loyal to their cause in the North and all around the world. That when this letter was published to encourage support in 1863, it did have the opposite effect whereby of 144,000 Irishmen that enlisted, 104,000 deserted after the recognition of the Confederacy by the Pope. That because of the direct and deliberate involvement of the Vatican and Pope Pius IX in deliberately destabilizing the United States, the Roman Catholic Church is directly responsible for the death of 498,332 people because of the Civil War and the ensuing decades of misery and cost it caused. Of murder (political assassination) (1865) That Pope Pius IX did authorize the funding and mission that resulted in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln on April 15, 1865. That John Wilkes Booth and other conspirators were recruited, funded and controlled for their mission by the Jesuit emissaries of the Pope. That on at least one occasion there was clear evidence of the connection between the Vatican’s involvement when John Wilkes Booth did spend ten days in October 1864 in Montreal with Catholic priests and several days in Toronto at St. Patrick Hall, an important meeting place for the Irish Catholic Benevolent Union. It is in Canada, that it is believed Booth was shown (never given) letters of authority from the Pope himself for the assassination mission. That of the conspirators discovered and arrested, a number of their family did successfully escape through the direct and known assistance of the Roman Catholic priests from Montreal. That John H. Surratt (son of conspirator Mary Surratt) upon reaching Rome was appointed to the Pope's Zouave military unit but was arrested by U.S. officials and brought back to trial in Washington, D.C. in 1867. That upon US authorities discovering the extent of the Papal involvement, it did end all diplomatic ties with the Vatican in the same year. (1867). That these relations with the US were only normalized in 1984. Of crimes against humanity for the purpose of promoting the international slave trade : (1866) That the Holy Office upon the orders of Pope Pius IX did declare on 20 June 1866: “Slavery itself, considered as such in its essential nature, is not at all contrary to the natural and divine law, and there can be several just titles of slavery and these are referred to by approved theologians and commentators of the sacred canons.... It is not contrary to the natural and divine law for a slave to be sold, bought, exchanged or given”. That this position was officially published as part of a campaign to encourage European and Latin American Catholic nations to enter the war on the side of the South to ensure the most profitable slave market for the Vatican remained operational. Of historic false statement, moral indignity, heresy and contempt for the fundamental rights of common law (1871) That Pope Pius IX through the Papal Bull Pastor aeternus did publish the heretical false statement claiming the Pope is infallible and therefore is both above all laws of humanity and cannot be questioned by faithful Catholics. That this Papal Bull is one of the greatest heresies and openly contemptuous documents against the entire alleged spiritual scriptures of Christianity as well as the human race. That the purpose of this false statement was simply to evade and eliminate the possibility of legal prosecution and/or civil claims being successful against the Roman Catholic Church as any statement, actions and office of the Pope, the Vatican and therefore the Catholic Church can be claimed to be “above the law”. Of historic false statement, moral indignity and heresy : (1871) That Pope Pius IX did deliberate publish a false statement in the form of the Papal Bull Ineffabilis Deus in which he elevated Mary, the mother of Jesus to effective equal status as a being devoid of any sin through the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception. That this open heresy and contempt for the holy scripture of Christianity was done deliberately to lessen the emphasis on Jesus and increase the emphasis of Mary, in line with the most ancient satanic worship of Inanna and Astarthe, the female God of Power, Sex and War.
Death and Legacy