image Influential People

Pope Paul IV

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Key Facts
Other names Giovanni Pietro Carafa
Born 1476
Location Capriglia Irpina, Italy
Bloodline  
Married  
Children Yes, Cardinal Carlo Carafa, Giovanni and Antonio
Position Pope (1555-1559)
Died August 18, 1559

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source of Facts and Important Announcement
Status Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.
Date of formal Beatification Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.

 

Background

Giovanni Pietro Carafa was born in Naples, Italy to Cardinal Oliviero Carafa one of the most powerful families of Naples and Italy.

After the death of of Pope Innocent VIII in July 1492, Cardinal Oliviero Carafa attempted to get himself elected as Pope, but was excluded from the first ballots. He then aligned himself with Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere against Cardinal Rodrigo Borja to see him elected as Pope Julius II (1503-1513) .

The power Cardinal Oliviero Carafa remained intact during the papacy of Rodrigo Borja as Pope Alexander VI (1492-1503) and in 1494, he resigned his see of Chieti in favour of his son Giovanni Pietro Carafa as a new Cardinal at age 18.

In 1536, Cardinal Giovanni Pietro Carafa was made Archbishop of Naples by Pope Paul III (1534-1549) and re-establishing the Inquisition in Italy. This is why he is historically known as the Father of the Roman Inquisition.

Following the death of Pope Marcellus II (1555-1555) on May 1, 1555, Cardinal Giovanni Pietro Carafa was promptly elected Pope Paul IV, against the wishes of Emperor Charles V.

In 1555 he issued a canon (papal law), Cum nimis absurdum, by which the Roman Ghetto was created. Jews were then forced to live in seclusion in a specified area of the rione Sant'Angelo, locked in at night, and he decreed that Jews should wear a distinctive sign, yellow hats for men and veils or shawls for women. The following Popes would have enforced the creation of other ghettos in most Italian towns.

Paul IV was violently opposed to the liberal Giovanni Cardinal Morone whom he strongly suspected of being a hidden Protestant, so much that he had him imprisoned. In order to prevent Morone from succeeding him and imposing what he believed to be his Protestant beliefs on the Church, Pope Paul IV codified the Catholic Law excluding heretics and non-Catholics from receiving or legitimately becoming Pope, in the bull Cum ex apostolatus officio.

Paul IV introduced the Index Librorum Prohibitorum or "Index of Prohibited Books" to Venice, then an independent and prosperous trading state, in order to crack down on the growing threat of Protestanism and the newly introduced printing press. Under his authority, all books written by Protestants were banned, together with Italian and German translations of the Latin Bible.

As was usual with Renaissance popes, Paul IV sought to advance the fortunes of his family as well as that of the papacy. As Cardinal-son, Carlo Carafa became his father's chief adviser and the prime mover in their plans to ally with the French to expel the Spanish from Italy. Carlo's older brother Giovanni was made commander of the papal forces and Duke of Paliano after the pro-Spanish Colonna were deprived of that town in 1556. Another son, Antonio, was given command of the Papal guard and made Marquis of Montebello. Their conduct became notorious in Rome. However at the conclusion of the disastrous war with Philip II of Spain and after many scandals, in 1559 the Pope publicly disgraced his sons and banished them from Rome.

Most Evil Crimes

List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime Of crimes against humanity : (1555-9) That Pope Paul IV did Christianity's first Jewish ghetto (in Rome) by ordering all ethnic Jews must live in only one area. This blueprint is followed for subsequent centuries and culminates in the 20th Century ghetto models of the Vatican across major European cities. Of murder : (1557) Toulouse 40 people are executed as witches at Toulouse, France. Of crimes against humanity : (1557) That Pope Paul IV writes church's first Index of Forbidden Books to ensure knowledge is continued to be suppressed under threat of torture and barbaric murder.