image Influential People

Pope Julius II

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Key Facts
Other names Giuliano della Rovere
Born 1453
Location Albisola, Italy
Bloodline  
Married  
Children  
Position Pope (1503-1513)
Died February 21, 1513 (aged 60)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source of Facts and Important Announcement
Status Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.
Date of formal Beatification Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.

 

Background

Giuliano della Rovere was the son ("nephew") of Cardinal Francesco della Rovere, later Pope Sixtus IV (1471–84). He was educated among the Franciscans by his father and later sent him to a convent in La Pérouse with the purpose of obtaining knowledge of the sciences surrounded by young women.

When his father was elected Pope, Giuliano was made a Cardinal of San Pietro in Vincula at the age of just 18. Later he was granted Archbishop of Avignon allowing him to live in the luxury (and safety) of the Papal Palaces of Avignon.

When his father Pope Sixtus IV died on August 12, 1484, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere fully expected to follow his father as Pope. However, his fathers wars with the de' Medici, Florence and Ferrara had created very powerful enemies.

But of all the enemies that Cardinal missed it was Cardinal Giovanni Cibo who purchased the Papacy to become Pope Innocent VIII (1484-1492) which he missed. However, through his father Giuliano had succeeded in emptying the Vatican Treasury just prior to his death.

During the reign of Pope Innocent VIII, a rivalry had gradually grown up between himself and Cardinal Rodrigo Borja, son of Pope Callixtus III (1455-1458) as to who held greater title for the next Pope.

When Innocent died in 1492, Cardinal Rodrigo Borja was elected Pope Alexander VI (1492–1503) by means of simony and a secret agreement with Ascanio Sforza.

Della Rovere at once escaped to take refuge from Borja's wrath at Ostia, and in a few months afterwards went to Paris, where he incited Charles VIII of France (1483–98) to undertake the conquest of Naples.

When Pope Alexander VI was successfully murdered by poison in 1503, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere once again missed out on the Papacy with the compromise election of Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini as Pope Pius III (1503-1503).

However, with the death of Pope Pius III, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere finally obtained the office of his father and was elected Pope on November 1, 1503.

He fought and intrigued like a worldly prince and was famous for his long and bloody wars. He was constantly in the field leading his army, firmly convinced of the rightness of his frightful battles. He led his Catholic troops into combat dressed in full armour and at one stage was almost captured.

Florentine-born Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540), the ablest historian of the time and papal governor of Modena and Reggio, remarked that Julius II had nothing of the priest but the name, writing that he was "...a soldier in a cassock; he drank and swore heavily as he led his troops; he was wilful, coarse, bad-tempered and difficult to manage. He would ride his horse up the Lateran stairs to his papal bedroom and tether it at the door"

He is acknowledged to have had three or five children while he was a cardinal and was confidently accused by the leading nobles of Rome of unnatural vices.

He was not disturbed by a delegation of monks who approached him expressing criticism of the clergy and the morals of his cardinals. He had heard the like before; people for centuries past had complained that popes, cardinals, bishops and priests lived immoral lives, and that popes loved sex, power and wealth more than being Vicars of Christ. The pope advised his secretary to take three mistresses at one time, "in memory of the Holy Trinity", and frankly admitted that he loved the title "Warrior of Rome" applied to him by the populace.

In the summer of 1508, Julius summoned Raphael (1483-1529) to Rome, and around the same time commissioned Michelangelo (1474-1564) to create an array of works for the Vatican. Michelangelo subsequently carved a marble statue of him, and Julius II examined it with a puzzled expression, asking, "What is that under my arm?" "A Bible, your Holiness," replied Michelangelo. "What do I know of Bibles?" roared the Pope; "I am a warlord; give me a sword instead"

Most Evil Crimes

List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime Of regular and institutional sodomy and murder of children : (1503 – 1513) That Pope Julius II did continue the now Catholic clerical tradition of institutionalized homosexuality and sodomy of children, especially young boys. Of sodomy and sexual assault of a child : (1503 – 1513) That Pope Julius II did sexually assault and sodomize Michelangelo as a child prior to his growth into a great artist and his commissions concerning the Vatican Of murder : (1508) Bearn Countless lives are lost during mass witchcraft trials at Bearn, France. Of murder : 1508 Toulouse 40 lives are lost during mass witchcraft trials at Toulouse, France. Of murder : 1509 Luxeuil, France Countless lives are lost during mass witchcraft trials at Luxeuil, France. Of murder : 1510 Brescia, Italy 140 people are burned as witches at Brescia, Italy. Of murder : 1510 Berlin 38 Jews are burned in Berlin after Jew confesses under torture that he had made communion wafer bleed. Of publishing false statement for the purpose of suppressing knowledge : (1512) Church condemns Capernicus theory that Earth revolves around sun.