image Influential People

Ivan IV of Russia

image

Key Facts
Other names Ivan IV Vasilyevich, Ivan the Terrible
Born 1530
Location  
Bloodline  
Married  
Children  
Position Tsar (1547-1584)
Died March 18, 1584 (aged 54)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source of Facts and Important Announcement
Status Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.
Date of formal Beatification Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.

 

Background

Born to Vasili III Grand Prince of Moscow and Elena Glinskaya. His father died in 1533 when he was just 3. He was proclaimed Grand Prince of Moscow with his mother as Regent until her death in 1538 when Ivan was just 8 years old.

In turn, the young prince was put under the care of the Shuisky family until he assumed full control at the age of 14 in 1544. In 1547, Ivan arranged a coronation at the Cathedral of the Dormition in the Kremlin, using the Monomakhn Cap - once a sign of subordination of the Moscow princes to the Tartars - as his new crown as Tsar.

Ivan formed new trading connections, opening up the White Sea and the port of Arkhangelsk to the Muscovy Company of English merchants. In 1552 he defeated the Kazan Khanate, whose armies had repeatedly devastated the Northeast of Russia and annexed its territory. In 1556, he annexed the Astrakhan Khanate and destroyed the largest slave market on the river Volga. He had St. Basil's Cathedral constructed in Moscow to commemorate the seizure of Kazan.

Determined to break the hold of the feudal boyar families, Ivan established a "two-state" empire in 1564 naming around one-third of his kingdom, includings key parts of Moscow as Oprichnina, with the remainder as Zemshchina mostly under boyar control.

To maintain his iron will within the Oprichnina, Ivan formed a new religious and military order known as the Oprichniks. These monks effectively became the secret police of Ivan, rounding up anyone he suspected of disloyalty and sowing fear amongst the popualtion.

The 1560's were especially bleak for Northern Europe with major drought, famine, war and eventually epidemics killing tens of thousands. Midst this calamity, Ivan began to mentally unravel. He ordered great purges by his Oprichnik monks.

In Novgorod alone in 1570, he ordered a massacred of up to half of the residents who had managed to survive the famine and wars. Up to 10,000 were murdered.

Constant wars continued through the 1570's with Ivan losing more of his territory. In 1581, Ivan savagely beat his pregnant daughter in law, causing her to miscarriage. When his son protested, Ivan killed him.

This event was the end for Ivan and any remaining sanity. Three years later, he was poisoned with Mercury by Boris Godunov his closest advisor and died in 1584.

Most Evil Crimes

List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime