Charles I of Spain
|Other names||King Carlos of Spain|
|Bloodline||House of Habsburg|
|Married||Isabella of Portugal|
|Children||Philip II of Spain|
|Position||King of Spain (1516-1556) Holy Roman Emperor (1519 - 1556)|
|Died||Sept 1558 (Aged 58)|
|Status||Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.|
|Date of formal Beatification||Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
|Source of Facts||Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.|
Charles (Carlos) was born in the Flemish city of Ghent to Juana of Castile-- daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile-- and Philip I of Castile, son of Emperor Maximillian I, Holy Roman Emperor.
At the death of his grandfather Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1516, Charles was crowned in as sole ruler in his own right and the first legitimate King of Spain and chief executive of the Crown (of Aragon) Corporation under charter from the Holy See.
The Aragon Crown Corporation continued to grow in wealth thanks to its landholding and control of slaves and gold taken from Hispaniola --claimed by Christopher Colon (Columbus) in 1492--and Cuba conquered by Diego Velázquez in 1511. While Christopher Colon had died in disgrace in prison in Spain by 1503/1504, the management of the islands of Vatican/Spanish slaves by Governor Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres had stemmed the massive decline in the Papal slave property.
Then upon the death of his grandfather Emperor Maximillian in 1519, Giovanni de' Medici (Pope Leo X) offered the sale of Holy Roman Emperorship to Charles as Chief Executive of the Papal Aragon Crown Corporation. An agreement was reached and in 1519, Charles was crowned as Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
A String of new joint business ventures were launched in 1519 between Giovanni de' Medici (Pope Leo X) and Charles under the Aragon Crown Corporation including the Vatican sanctioned and supported invasion of the mainland of Mexico as well as historic fleet expeditions into the New World of the Pacific.
On 1519 , Charles approved the Aragon Crown Corporation expedition headed by Ferdinand Magellan with five specially designed ships and an elite crew of 238 to circumnavigate the world.
Also in 1519, Charles and Leo X approved a Papal Charter for the largest invasion fleet yet seen in the New World to Mexico by some thousands of Spanish troops and dozens of ships launched from Cuba and led by Hernán Cortés--a relative of Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres.
Then in 1520, Charles appointed his former tutor, Dutch Cardinal Adrian of Utrecht (later Pope Adrian Jan 1522 to September 1523) as Governor of Castile then departed with his court to Germany. Soon after a series of anti-government riots broke out in the major cities of Castile and the local city councils (comunidades) took control. Charles's own mother Queen Joanna was nominated as alternative rule. Navarre sensing the opportunity also undertook their own rebellion. However, by April 1521, the forces of Charles re-established control and the rebellions in Castile and later Navarre were crushed.
While the Ferdinand Magellan project was a disaster in terms of loss of ships and life (including Magellan), a few dozen men successfully made it back to the Court of Charles with their precious cargo of cloves by 1522 to testify to their historic feat and the existence of new trade routes (including the later named Straits of Magellan) and the existence of such exotic new flavours (spices) and lands.
Charles immediately ordered some samples of the spices of the Magellan business venture, along with his territorial claims under the terms of the Aragon Crown Corporation to the successor of Pope Leo X--the Maximillian appointed Pope Adrian VI --as per the terms of his business venture. The arrival of the cloves created an international storm throughout the courts of Europe and Charles was able to auction the single shipment of spices for a small fortune at the time for Spain and the Vatican.
Later this whole historic event, including the Papal Charter, the number of troops and the complete Vatican and Spanish authority of Cortés was trivialized into a few hundred soldiers and Cortés acting out on his own orders. If this is true, the Holy See and Spain has yet to return any of the 12,000 metric tons of gold and 60,000+ tons of silver stolen from the ancient American Indian civilizations after nearly 500 years.
By 1520, the first Spanish ships, groaning from the weight of Gold and Silver began returning to Spain. By 1521, Charles rewarded Hernán Cortés as Governor of the new Aragon Crown Corporation and Papal territory of Mexico--a position he held until 1524. By the same year the Spanish Governors of the New World had made Charles unquestionably the weathiest as well as the most powerful monarch in the world.
With such vast wealth, Giulio de' Medici (Pope Clement VII)--son of Giovanni de' Medici (Pope Leo X)--and his Emperor Charles then set about in 1523 expanding the business power of the Holy See, particularly against old foe France, at first aided by England and Henry VIII.
At the Battle of Pavia in 1525, the united forces of Charles and the Holy Roman Empire succeeded in crushing the French, forcing them from Milan and also capturing King Francis I of France in the meantime. Francis was then forced to sign Burgundy across to the Papal States of the Holy See through the Treaty of Madrid by 1526, whereupon he was finalled released. The Treaty was later rejected by the French as having been signed under duress.
To quell the Portuguese concern over the growing power of Spain, Charles married his first cousin Isabella of Portugal and sister of King John III of Portugal in 1526. Yet, the arrogance of Charles towards the old Vatican allies of England and Venice did not quell so easily.
The father of Henry VIII --Henry VII-- and the Venetians through their emissary Giovani Cabot the "Caboto" had taken legal possession under Letters Patent of North America down to Mexico since 1497. However by 1523, Charles argued that England and Venice did not have the trading rights accorded his Charter with the de' Medici Popes. Both Venice and England were ordered by Giulio de' Medici (Pope Clement VII) to cede their rights to Charles and Spain--which they promptly refused.
Sensing a new found opportunity, Francis I of France then called a council of ambassadors at Cognac and the League of Cognac was formed in 1526 between France, Venice and England was formed against the growing wealth and might of Spain and the Vatican.
At the same time, the Peasants Revolt started in Germany, forcing Charles to commit his main troops to halting the loss of valuable fiefs.
Whilst, Charles was distracted in Germany, in 1527 the League of Cognac landed a substantial force in Italy and proceeded to attack Rome, corresponding with an uprising in several Italian cities such as Milan and Florence led by the Colonna against Giulio de' Medici (Pope Clement VII). The several thousand troops led by Lorenzo dell'Anguillara including the Papal Swiss Guard were no match for the united French, English and Venetian militia.
The ensuing guerilla tactics of the Papal militia hiding amongst the civilians, cost the population of Rome dearly, and it is alleged the population of Rome was reduced from 98,000 to 32,000 in eight days. However, Giulio de' Medici (Pope Clement VII) managed to escape.
The League forces then focused their attention further south on Naples. However, the siege did not go well and both French and English troops suffered substantial deaths from the plague, bringing the hope of a swift campaign in Italy to an end.
The whole history of these events has been deliberately corrupted and reversed, so that Charles of Spain is blamed for the sack of Rome in 1527, not the League of Cognac. In any event, Charles used these events to his advantage, keeping an even greater proportion of his loot stolen from the New World by "legal" Papal Charter.
Finally, in 1529, he offered the League of Cognac a truce, if they withdrew their troops from Italy. This became known as the Treaty of Cambrai, or the "Treaty of the Women" on account of both sides sending senior women to negotiate as neither trusted the honor of one another.
The Treaty gave Charles even more power, restoring Giulio de' Medici (Pope Clement VII) to the Vatican in Rome in exchange for the participants of the League being absolved for the sacking of Rome.
However, Charles and Giulio de' Medici (Pope Clement VII) were unable to help themselves and Pope Clement VII launched an offensive in revenge against the treachery of ancient joint business partner Venice, while Charles renewed his demands upon Henry VIII for North America.
Henry VIII in 1529 -- still without a male heir --responded with a counter claim to the ultra-Catholic Charles that the 1st marriage to his aunt--Catherine of Aragon-- had not been properly annulled by Pope Julius II and therefore she was a heretic by the laws of the Spanish Inquisition--with Henry free to re-marry whomever he chose.
Charles-- now suffering the Habsburg curse of growing deformity due to continual incestous marriages between the family-- remained pre-occupied with eliminating the Schmalkaldic League (Lutheran Movement) spreading across Europe. Yet the threat from Henry was unmistakable--if Charles persisted, then Henry would ship Catherine back to Spain and the minute she stepped ashore, she would be subject to the Inquisition by the laws of Charles himself.
By 1530, Henry VIII had the powerful Cardinal Wolsey murdered--and Catherine banished from court. Yet Giulio de' Medici (Pope Clement VII) refused to grant Henry VIII an official annulment in recognition of the marriage being unlawful.
Events continued to deteriorate until finally in 1534, Henry VIII and his Parliament enacted the Act of Supremecy statute declaring himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England. England was now a firm member of the Reformation movement.
In response to these events, the Council of Trent was called beginning in 1545, specifically to form the Counter-Reformation, a plan to use every and all means to defeat the forces against the Vatican, the Holy See--one of the last major public and historic events overseen by Charles.
By 1550, Charles had largely withdrawn from public life. By 1556, Charles eventually abdicated all his various titles --the Emperorship to his brother Ferdinand--while Spain went to his son Philip II.
Charles died two years later in 1558. He was succeeded by his son Philip II.