Pope Nicholas V
|Other names||Tommaso Parentucelli|
|Location||Sarzana, Liguria, Italy|
|Died||March 1455 (aged 57)|
|Status||Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.|
|Date of formal Beatification||Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
|Source of Facts||Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.|
Born at Sarzana, Liguria, Italy. Son of Bartolomeo Parentucelli, a physician, and Andreola Tomeo dei Bosi; she married Tommaso Calandrini in second nuptials. Half-brother of Cardinal Filippo Calandrini (1448) who Parentucelli appointed to Bologna upon his election to the Papacy.
Considered one of the rare "intellectual" Popes of history, who could actually read as well as write their own name, he distinguished himself as a diplomat on behalf of Pope Eugene IV in his battles against the Council of Basel (1431-1439) .
When Pope Felix V was elected in 1439 in opposition to Eugene, Parentucelli was assigned to the displomatic representative at the Court of of German King Emperor Frederick III of Hapsburg (1440-1493). It was here that he met and struck up a close friendship with Aeneas Sylvius Piccolomini (Pope Pius II).
When Frederick III sent Piccolomini to broker a peace deal in 1442 with Eugene IV, the status of Parentucelli was raised considerably and in 1444 after Eugene had left Bologna to return to Rome, Parentucelli was made bishop of Bologna. He was further rewarded after being appointed a Cardinal in 1446 and heir apparent to Eugene.
In his last years, Pope Eugene became severely ill from his accumulated life of debauchery and sexual diseases. On promising to ensure his son ("nephew") Cardinal Pietro Barbo would be protected after his death, Eugene nominated Cardinal Piccolomini as his successor.
In March 1447 he was elected Pope and in his eight years undertook major reforms across the city of Rome in anticipation of a major financial windfall with the announcement of a Jubilee in Rome in 1450, which restored substantial wealth back into the treasury of the Vatican.
Contrary to the well documented history of Pope Nicholas V acquiring rare manuscripts to promote knowledge and science, his interest in rare books was purely in search of ancient knowledge as it could be applied to the dark arts.
Nicholas V is remembered as one several popes who most clearly expressed the pro-slavery and contempt for humanity of the Vatican and the Catholic Church through Papal Bull Dum Diversus (1452) and Romanus Pontificus (1455).
While his Papacy holds less direct evidence of the rampant corruption, sadism and hedonism of Popes during these centuries, he was sufficiently hated in Rome for a formidable conspiracy to overthrow the Papacy under the leadership of Stefano Porcaro to be hatched around 1452.
The conspiracy was brutally crushed, with an unknown number of people tortured and murdered on orders of Nicholas V.
He died in March 1455 and was succeeded by Pope Callistus III (1455-1458).
Most Evil Crimes
List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime Of crimes against humanity for the purpose of profit and Satanism : (1450-1600) That 30,000 people are burned specifically as witches (excluding heretics) by Inquisition between 1450 and 1600. Of crimes against humanity for the purpose of profit and suppression of women : (1450-1750) Witchburnings 200,000 or more individuals are burned as witches in Europe and America between 1450 and 1750. Of crimes against humanity for the purpose of profit and suppression of women : (1450+) Germany 100,000 individuals are burned by Protestants and Catholics in Germany where more trials occur than in any other European country. Of publishing false statements for the purpose of murder : (1452) Nicholas Jacquier Dominican inquisitor confirms witchcraft as heresy in Flail Against the Heresy of Witchcraft thereby justifying European witchhunts. Of establishing an unlawful enterprise for the purpose of crime : (1455) That Pope Pope Nicholas V with full authority as Supreme Pontiff of Christianity did knowingly and deliberately expand the enterprise of international slave trade legally controlled through license by the Roman Catholic Church to incorporate and establish additional sources of slaves through Arabia and the Middle East through Papal Bull Dum Diversus (1452), did reinforce its control of the African slave trade through Romanus Pontificus (1455) and established a legal framework for extending the slave trade to new as yet undiscovered territories. Furthermore, that these legal license agreements controlled by the Roman Catholic Church were subject to both terms of contract and controls upon the number of slaves imported and transported for fees to the church. “We [therefore] weighing all and singular the premises with due meditation, and noting that since we had formerly by other letters of ours granted among other things free and ample faculty to the aforesaid King Alfonso --to invade, search out, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Sara- cens and pagans whatsoever, and other enemies of Christ wheresoever placed, and the kingdoms, dukedoms, principalities, dominions, possessions, and all movable and immovable goods whatsoever held and possessed by them and to reduce their persons to perpetual slavery, and to apply and appropriate to himself and his successors the kingdoms, dukedoms, counties, principalities, dominions, possessions, and goods, and to convert them to his and their use and profit..." Romanus Pontifex Of crimes against humanity (1456) That Christians slaughter 80,000 Turkish Muslims during Battle of Belgrade.