image Influential People

Pope Innocent VIII

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Key Facts
Other names Giovanni Battista Cibo
Born 1432
Location Genoa, Italy
Bloodline Cibo (or Cybo)
Married No. Many affairs
Children Yes. at least 16. All illegitimate
Position Pope (1484-1492)
Died June 1492 (aged 60)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source of Facts and Important Announcement
Status Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.
Date of formal Beatification Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.

 

Background

Born Giovanni Battista Cibo in Genoa to Aran Cibo, a powerful and wealthy former Senator of Rome under the Borja Papal patriarch Pope Callixtus (1455-58).

As a priest he entered service to Cardinal Calandnini, half-brother to Pope Nicholas V (1447–55). He continued the skill of remaining in favour under different Popes when appointed Bishop of Savona in 1473 under Pope Paul (1464-71).

While Bishop of Savona, Giovanni Battista Cibo fathered a number of illegitimate children many of which were openly acknowledged and documented as being his sons and daughters including his eldest son Franceschetto.

Upon the ascension of Sixtus IV to the throne, Bishop Giovanni Cibo cultivated the support of the powerful and young Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere, son ("nephew") of the Pope winning his favour and a Cardinal's hat in 1473.

However, upon Pope Sixtus IV launching his war against the de' Medici, Florence and Ferrara, it appears Cardinal Giovanni Cibo used his political skill to stay in favour on both sides of the conflict.

But by the end of the reign of Sixtus, Cardinal Giovanni Cibo had positioned himself as a key rival against the intentions of Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere to succeed his father as the next Pope.

Upon the death of Sixtus IV in August of 1484, his son Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere fully expected he could count on the support of the majority of Cardinals to guarantee his election as Pope.

Yet upon the announcement of the Conclave, Cardinal Giovanni Cibo spent the considerable majority of his fortune accumulated in office to effectively purchase the votes of enough Cardinals to block Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere.

When Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere failed to win the expected majority of votes at the 1st election, in rage, he ordered the Papal militia to arrest and imprison Cardinal Giovanni Cibo and his supporters, but the forces of other Popes intervened and for several days, hundreds of soldiers including priests were killed in riots throughout Rome.

To end the violence, Cardinal Giovanni Cibo offerred a truce with Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere that he would retain his regions as Cardinal and Giovanni Battista Cibo was elected as Pope Innocent VIII.

If Pope Innocent VIII thought he would be able to replenish his family fortunes after the expensive purchase of the Papacy, he was sadly mistaken. The Della Rovere stripped the Vatican treasury in revenge for the defeat of Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere.

Innocent VIII was not to be deterred. He conjured a number of new schemes to get money flowing back into the coffers of his Vatican treasury including strong patronage of the international slave trade of Spain and Portugal of which the Pope continued to receive a share of the profits.

Innocent within a few months of his election issued the Papal Bull Summis desiderantes (5 December, 1484) instigated severe measures against magicians and witches in Germany which had the immediate desired effect of making the population fearful they were overrun with witchcraft.

Pope Innocent VIII also heavily promoted the trade and sale of indulgences and increased the tariffs set on nobility to pay the Vatican to have their investiture approved by the Catholic Church. In a famous episode, Ferdinand I of Naples refused to pay the new Papal tax on monarchs and Innocent VIII proceeded to have him excommunicated then offering the title to Charles VIII of France for a reduced fee.

But in no small measure of the ghastly character of Pope Innocent VIII, he issued a number of Papal Bulls not only strengthening the power of the Inquisition, but actually finding new ways to burn people such as the Papal Bull Summis desiderantes affectibus (1484) reinforcing the standing church law allowing marriage annulment and seizure of assets of any person (almost exclusively women) found a heretic.

This new line of theft and evil opened up an extremely profitable stream of income back to Innocent VIII as the assets of rich and ancient families were stolen under the pretext of heresy, particularly noble women with wealth.

However, a lack of quality manuscripts from which church authorities might be able to spread fear and panic concerning devil worship and witchcraft were lacking. So Innocent VIII commissioned two Dominican monks heavily involved in both satanic practice and ritual murder, Henrich Kramer & James Sprenger, to write Malleus Maleficarum ('The Witches Hammer') one of the most false, awful, unholy and bloodthirsty books of human history.

To assist in the promotion of witchcraft, Innocent VIII commissioned two Dominican monks involved in both satanic practice and ritual murder, Henrich Kramer & James Sprenger, did write Malleus Maleficarum ('The Witches Hammer') one of the most false, awful, unholy and bloodthirsty books of human history

When it was ready in 1486, Innocent VIII ordered the manuscript copied to every Bishop so they might promote the most profitable fears of witches amongst their congregations and followed up with a supremely evil Papal Bull of the same name as the manuscript which stated unbelief in witchcraft as heresy and women are more likely to become witches than men "because the female sex is more concerned with things of the flesh than men".

In Rome he built for summer use the Belvedere of the Vatican, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace, which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. In season he hunted at Castello della Magliana, which he enlarged.

Invariably short of money, he institutionalized simony at the papal court, creating new titles of offices that were discreetly auctioned.

In one famous example, Pope Innocent VIII arranged the marriage of his eldest son Franceschetto to Maddalena de' Medici, the natural daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici, who in return obtained the cardinal's hat for his thirteen-year-old son Giovanni, later Pope Leo X.

In the final year of his papacy, the former Moorish Spanish province/city of Granada fell and to celebrate Pope Innocent VIII over one hundred of the finest Moorish slaves whom he distributed among the Curia and to his friends as gifts.

By the time of his death, the Vatican was overrun with more than 100 illegitimate children, with the cost of maintaining his women, sons, daughters and grandchildren causing itself a financial crisis.

Most Evil Crimes

List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime Of crimes against humanity : (1481-1517) Spanish Inquisition 13,000 are burned in 36 years during Spanish Inquisition; 17,000 are burned in effigy and 290,000 tortured, imprisoned or bankrupted. Of crimes against humanity and openly satanic rituals : (1481-1517) That Mass burnings of sometimes hundreds at a time and tens of thousands brutally tortured and murdered as auto-da-fé ("Act of Faith”) continues until the middle of the 16th Century. Of crimes against humanity (1483-96) 1000s suffered excruciating agonies at hands of Tomas Torquemada, Spain's most notorious inquisitor, who was allegedly responsible for 10,220 burnings. Of publishing false statements for the purpose of suppression of women : (1484) That Pope Innocent VIII did deliberately and falsely issue the Papal Bull Summis desiderantes affectibus reinforcing the standing church law allowing marriage annulment and seizure of assets of any person (almost exclusively women) found a heretic. That his specific false legal arguments are then used by Catholics and protestants to justify the suppression of women’s rights and undertake witch hunts for over three hundred years. Furthermore, that Pope Innocent VIII did deliberately create fictitious claims to justify the reality of witches including the absurd claims that witches can fly, change shape and have intercourse with Devil. Of historic moral indignity, contempt and depravity against the institution of marriage (1484-92) That Pope Innocent VIII did deliberately and actively display contempt to the institution of marriage, of all church law, and all Christians by fathering the largest number of illegitimate children of any Pope in the history of the church. That the number of illegitimate children is reputed to have been well over 100 and is why his reign as Supreme Pontiff is known as the "Golden Age of Bastards" in which the funds of the church were severely depleted when he granted those children not murdered with financial support. Of murder : (1484+) Alsace 5000 are burned as witches in province of Alsace after Innocent VIII issues Summis desiderantes affectibus bull. Of murder : (1484+) Bavaria 2000 are burned as witches in Bavaria after Innocent VIII issues Summis desiderantes affectibus bull. Of murder : (1484+) Bamberg 900 are burned as witches in Bamberg after Innocent VIII issues Summis desiderantes affectibus bull. Of murder : (1484+) Vaud 311 are burned as witches in Vaud after Innocent VIII issues Summis desiderantes affectibus bull. Of murder : (1484+) Grenoble 167 are burned as witches in Grenoble after Innocent VIII issues Summis desiderantes affectibus bull. Of murder : (1484+) Wurzburg 157 are burned as witches in Wurzburg after Innocent VIII issues Summis desiderantes affectibus bull. Of murder : (1484+) Saxony 133 are burned as witches in single day in Saxony after Innocent VIII issues Summis desiderantes affectibus bull. Of murder : (1484) Italy 41 are put to death at Como, Italy, within months of Summis desiderantes affectibus being issued. Of murder : (1485) Cumanus 41 women are burned as witches under inquisitor Cumanus in 1485. Of murder : (1485) Piedmont, Italy 100 are executed as witches in Piedmont valley, Italy. Of murder : (1486) Heinrich Kramer Dominican inquisitor Heinrich Kramer (1430-1505) co-authors Malleus Maleficarium (Witches' Hammer) with Jakob Sprenger after being expelled for persecuting witches at Tyrol. Of murder : (1486) Malleus Maleficarum 1000s are tried as witches after Malleus Maleficarum becomes official handbook of Inquisition. Of crimes against humanity for the purpose of suppression and enslavement of women (1486) That Pope Innocent VIII did publish the Papal Bull Malleus Maleficarum claims unbelief in witchcraft as heresy and women are more likely to become witches than men "because the female sex is more concerned with things of the flesh than men". That this supremely false and unholy work along with other pronouncements of the Catholic Church help to enslave and suppress women’s rights up until the 20th Century. That even in the 21st Century after over 2,000 years, the Catholic Church continues to effectively suppress women’s spiritual equality. Of crimes against humanity (1487) Pope Innocent VIII declares armed crusade against Waldensians in Savoy region of France. Of murder (1487+) 150 male and female members of Waldensian sect are cruelly butchered in one of many French Savoy towns obliterated by papal soldiers. Of publishing false statements for the purpose of Satanism and murder : (1486) That two Dominican monks involved in both satanic practice and ritual murder, Henrich Kramer & James Sprenger, did write Malleus Maleficarum ('The Witches Hammer') one of the most false, awful, unholy and bloodthirsty books of human history. That the Catholic Church promotes this unholy work as not only factual, but required legal reference so that copies of it rest on the bench of every magistrate and judge in Europe for three centuries and leads to tens of thousands of judicial murders.