Pietro di Bernardone
|Children||Giovanni Bernadone Morosini|
|Died||1206 (Aged 66)|
|Status||Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.|
|Date of formal Beatification||Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
|Source of Facts||Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.|
Pietro “Bernadone” Morosini was born to Count Domenico Morosini, the Jewish Sephardic Doge of Venice reigning from 1148 to 1166. He is better known by the Italian version of his surname “Moriconi”.
The Morosini (Moriconi) were considered longhi-the most senior of a handful of families of Venice who could demonstrate power and influence prior to the 11th Century including the families Dandolo, Michiel, Contarini, Giustinian, Zeno, Cornaro, Gradenigo, Urseoli, Tiepolo, and Falier.
Contrary to revised history, the Venetians had not yet seen any compelling reason to convert to Christianity until this period. By the middle of the 12th century, the Morosini family banking and trading empire in wool, fine cloth, salt and grain stretched from England to Egypt to Constantinople. The hereditary title of Count bestowed upon the family in honor of their land holdings and services in Italy.
Since the expulsion of the “1st lions” Pierleoni/Urseoli hereditary Doges 100 years prior, the noble Venetian families had honored the rule that no Doge may be succeeded by a relative. Upon the death of his great father, Pietro “Bernadone” Morosini inherited the title of Count, but not Doge --as by Venetian law the position went to the Michiel family dynasty and the weak Vital II Michiel (1167-1182).
The arrival of the new Doge also heralded a historic move by the Pierleoni AntiPope Alexander III in 1167 against his ancestral home --and sworn enemy the Morosini --in the formation of the Lombard League including Milan, Piacenza, Cremona, Mantua, Crema, Bergamo, Brescia, Bologna, Padua, Treviso, Vicenza, Verona, Lodi, and Parma as a trading block against Venice. Later the reason and timing for this event was deliberately corrupted to perversely include Venice as the founder of the Lombard league—against itself.
The Venetians suddenly found itself faced with the greatest military threat to its existence for 500 years, with no standing army of its own. Doge Vital II Michiel made a hasty treaty with German King and pretender Frederick “Barbarossa”, promising to finance his war of conquest of Italy in exchange for support against the Lombard league.
In March 1167, Frederick launched his best troops against the Pierleoni AntiPope Alexander III and the Lombard league by invading southern Italy. The forces met at the Battle of Tusculum in March 1167 where the Pope and the League were soundly defeated. Alexander III fled to Benevento while Frederick captured Rome.
Sensing complete victory could be within his grasp, Doge Vital II Michiel then commanded Frederick to attack Milan-- against the wise counsel of Pietro Bernadone Morosini. In response, Vital II Michiel had Morosoni removed as head of the Arsenal and fleet.
Frederick then went on to briefly siege and then destroy the city of Milan by April 1167-- a major rival of Venice and founder of the Lombard League. However, the destruction of Milan had the opposite effect of immediate galvanizing the disparate Lombardy cities and as Frederick was planning to leave the area, he was attacked by large numbers at Legnano at the end of May 1167—resulting in the German militia being destroyed and Frederick only just surviving being captured.
This left Doge Vital II Michiel with no military force for hire capable of withstanding the now firmly united forces of the Pierleoni Popes and the Lombard League. The Jewish Sephardic Doge was forced into a humiliating treaty known as the Treaty of Venice in July 1176 at which the Venetians formally recognized the “legitimacy of the Pierleoni Popes”, including sacrificing many of their valuable trading routes to the Lombardy Trading bloc.
Venice was now too dangerous for the Morosini and the family briefly abandoned their palace and position in Venice with Pietro Bernadone Morosini seeking the safety of the court of Louis VII of France (1131-1180) in Paris. There he married noble French woman Pica de Bourlemont.
While in exile, Pietro Bernadone Morosini continued to control a considerable trading empire in wool, fine cloth, salt and grain stretching from England to Egypt and to Constantinople. In 1180, French King Louis VII died, succeeded by his 15 year old son Philip II (1180 -1223). Pietro Morosini took the opportunity to strengthen his trading position with the French court. In the same year, old famil ally Manuel I Komnenos of Constantinople (1143-1180) also died, succeeded by his son Alexois II Komnenos (1180-1183).
A year later (1181), his son Giovanni Bernadone Morosini (Moriconi) was born in Paris while Morosini was in Constantinople. The weakness of Doge Vital II Michiel thanks to the Treaty of Venice had seriously undermined the negotiation position of the Morosini and the new Byzantine Emperor. Alexois II Komnenos used the trumped up charge that an attack on the Genoese trading settlement in Constantinople was perpetrated by the Venetians. He then ordered that all Venetian citizens in Byzantine territory be arrested and their ships and property confiscated.
Pietro Bernadone Morosini escaped and pleaded for his countrymen to caution against the wily young Alexois II Komnenos. Instead Doge Vital II Michiel immediately re-organized the Venetian Reoublic into six districts for the purpose of taxation including San Marco, San Polo, Santa Croce, Dorsoduro, Castello and Cannaregio. He then led an armada of around 120 ships to attack the Byzantines. In reply, Alexois II Komnenos sought terms for a truce. The Venetian fleet languished at Chios until 1182 by which time the lack of sanitary conditions fermented the plague amongst the slaves and mercenary of the fleet and the Venetian mission was a complete failure before ever entering into battle.
Upon returning to Paris Pietro Bernadone Morosini was faced with the young French king Philip II demanding a re-negotiation of France's war debt to the Venetian banker/trader. Morosini refused and Philip in 1182 ordered all Venetian traders to be expelled from French territory.
Financially ruined, Pietro Bernadone Morosini took his family to the relative safety of the trading port of Pisa under the name Moriconi and then headed to Venice where he and the other noble families called a General Assembly to confront Doge Vital II Michiel at the Ducal Palace. The Doge was stripped of rank and summarily executed on the urging of Pietro Bernadone Morosini for his disgrace against Venice.
A series of reforms were then introduced during the General Assembly to ensure that such catastrophic rule could never happen again. The aristocratic families of Rialto diminished the Doge's powers by establishing the Minor Council (1182), composed of six advisors of the Doge, and the Quarantia as a supreme tribunal.
Given the danger of Venice following the treaty, Pietro Bernadone Morosini again left and secretly returned to Pisa and his family. While Pietro Bernadone Morosini was away seeking to rebuild his ruined empire, his family felt compelled to leave Pisa and head inland to the region of Ascesi (now called Assisi) where they lived for a few short years.
By 1187, the Beneventian AntiPope Gregory VIII had been thrown from power into exile and the Morosini family moved to a newly commissioned Palazzo Morosini (Moriconi) at Lucca, which remained a seat of power for the family for the next two hundred years.
The fortunes of Pietro Bernadone Morosini changed dramatically with the arrival of Enrico Dandolo as the new Doge (1192-1205). It is almost certain that Morosini played an active part in exacting a heavy price from the Fourth Crusaders including the deliberate destruction and massacres at Constantinople by 1204--revenge for the losses to Venice and this ancient family.
However, the family patriarch died around 1206. He was succeeded by his son Giovanni Bernadone Morosini otherwise known as Francis of Assisi.