Muhammad I Abul-Abbas
|Other names||Muhammad I|
|Position||Emir of Africa (841-856)|
|Status||Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.|
|Date of formal Beatification||Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
|Source of Facts||Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.|
Muhammad was born to Emir Abu Iqal (838-841) of the powerful Aghlabid dynasty, the fourth Emir of the Islamic province of Ifriqiya (Africa).
The Aghlabid dynasty of emirs, members of the Arab tribe of Bani Tamim, ruled Ifriqiya, nominally on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, for about a century, until overthrown by the new power of the Fatimids.
In 800, the Abbasid Caliph Harun al-Rashid appointed Ibrahim I ibn al-Aghlab as hereditary Emir of Ifriqiya as a response to the anarchy that had reigned in that province following the fall of the Muhallabids. He was to control an area that encompassed eastern Algeria, Tunisia and Tripolitania. Although independent in all but name, his dynasty never ceased to recognise Abbasid overlordship.
The Aghlabid Emirs had already undertaken several smaller invasions of Southern Italy and Sicily. Palermo was captured no later than 831 by Emir Ziyadat Allah I (817-831), while Naples fell to Muslim control no later than 837 and Benevento no later than 841. However, it was under Emir Muhammad I Abul-Abbas that the first full scale invasion of the Italian mainland took place.
Rather than seek to dislodge the highly fortified positions of the Byzantines in Sicily and Southern Italy, in 847 the Aghlabid forces landed on the South East coast of Italy near Bari and a second force off the coast near Rome. The strategy overwhelmed the Byzantines in the South and the Frankish garrison forces of Rome and the Muslims now held control of most of Southern Italy from Rome to Naples, to Bari and Palermo in Sicily.
Catholic Pope Eugine II was presumed killed, along with the rest of the Frankish troops. Due to internal rebellion and family rivalry, the Franks did not manage to mount a counter attack until at least 867. There would not be another Christian or Catholic Pope in Rome until then.
Apart from the fact that the historic fact Rome fell to Muslim invaders in 847 has been written out of history is the unmistakable evidence that during the reign of the Emirs over half of Italy, the pagan families holding claim to large regions such as Capua, Benevento, Tuscany and Tusculum (for example) actually pledged their loyalty to the Emir by proclaiming themselves Muslim.
In fact, the period of Muslim occupation (847-871) should rightly be seen as the year of birth for many of the most famous Italian families as Muslim vassals to the Caliphate, including: Radelchis I of Benevento and Capua, Lambert of Spoleto, Adalbert of Tuscany, Marinus of Amalfi and Berengar of Friuli.
There can be no question that the "nobles" of these Italian states who came to power under the powerful Aghlabid dynasty were at least (nominally) Muslim during the occupation of Italy.
While the little history that has been permitted to remain concerning the Muslim occupation of Italy claims the Emirate was localized to Bari, the fact that Naples and Palermo had already fallen as early as 831 demonstrates this to be a clear and deliberate lie.
Muhammad I was succeeded by Ahmad ibn Muhammad (856-863)