Pepin the Short
|Other names||Pippin, Pepin the Younger, Pepin the Fat|
|Location||St. Denis, Paris, France|
|Position||King of the Franks (751-768)|
|Died||September 768 (age 54)|
|Status||Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.|
|Date of formal Beatification||Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
|Source of Facts||Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.|
Pepin was born the second son of three of Charles Martel ("the hammer") the famous Mayor of the Palace, loyal knight to the Merovingians and devout Christian. The Pippins were strong and tall men. The correct title for Pepin was probably "Pippin the Younger" --later misconstrued to Pepin the Short and Pepin the Fat. He was almost certainly neither fat, nor short.
His date of birth is frequently listed as 714. However, on account of him unquestionably being the second son, his birth had to be after his brother Carloman making it more likely 717 (Carloman around 716).
The seat of the family power was St. Denis Palace five miles north from the centre of Paris-- a magnificent palace and the first Gothic construction in History. The site was later claimed to be the originate site of the tomb of St. Denis ("Dionysus"). This misleading historical myth is no earlier than the 14th Century. Nor was it the site of the Royal tombs of the Merovingians before the 8th Century --most having been moved there after the palace was massively renovated to become the 1st church of the Catholic Church from 741.
Similar to his two brothers (Carloman and Winfred), Pepin was educated by one of the most famous minds of the century -- the Venerable Bede. Like his brothers, Pepin was profoundly influenced by his wide education by Bede -- attested by his lifelong fascination in history, religion and the building of the Catholic Church.
Pepin was 13 in when he witnessed in 730 the anguish brought about by the excommunication of his devout father and the whole family. It is almost certain that Pepin was also educated on the plans of his father's plan to create an entirely new christian faith in opposition to Constantinople, including the new unifying language of the Frankish Empire- Anglaise (English).
In the same year of his death (741), Charles ensured each of his three sons were secure and clear in their duties - Carloman in Austrasia, Pippin in Neustria and Winfred (Grifo) in Bavaria.
Upon the death of their father, Carloman, Winfred and Pepin remained true to the honor displayed by their ancestors and worked together to firstly rid the Empire of rebellion and later to greatly expand its territory and influence. Upon the news of the death of their powerful father, the brothers were tested by resistence and some acts of rebellion through Hunoald of Aquitaine in 742, the Saxons and even Odilo of Bavaria.
Windred, having been deeply affected by the death of his father, abdicated his position in Bavaria to Pepin. Initially, both Carloman and Pepin supported their younger brother by commissioning the great scriptorium at Fulda in 742 as his own. Later, both Carloman and Pepin supported Winfred in his work developing the Catholic Church and made him the first bisceop ("Bishop") of the Catholic Church, effectively in charge of moving across the Empire helping establish the Catholic Church. liturgy with the construction of the greatest scriptorium in Europe at the time at Fulda in 742.
The brothers persisted with their fathers vision and in the same year (742) Carloman convened the Concilium Germanicum-- the first major synod of the new Christian Church of the Franks. Chaired by him, the synod ruled (amongst other items) that priests were not allowed to bear arms or to host females in their houses and that it was one of their primary tasks to eradicate pagan beliefs. But the most important canon of this synod was to rename the new christian religion the Catholic Church --Catholic from Greek meaning universal -- a direct attack in name on Constantinople.
While the excommunication from Constantinople remained in force, neither Carloman, nor Pepin could be crowned a christian King. In 743, the brothers permitted the crowning of Childeric III (743-751) by family friend Daniel of Winchester as King of the Franks as an interim measure, while they refined their plan for the rise of their Catholic Church. However, the move to appoint a puppet king only subdued part of the Empire and Hunoald of Aquitaine now aligned himself with the Basques in full scale rebellion.
By 745, the rebellion was put down and Carloman and Pepin focused their attention on the plan to strengthen the claim of the Catholic Church superior to Constantinople and therefore finally release themselves from the bond of excommunication. By no later than 746, work must have been well underway on completing the drafting of the Donation of Constantine at St. Denis Abbey as well as the earliest draft of the Vulgate -- based on the Latin writings of St. Jerome.
With the mythical story of St. Peter somehow being the first Vicar of Rome underway, the forged Donation of Constantine claiming Constantine gave his spiritual authority as "founder of Christianity" to a Vicar located in Old Rome, all that was left was to invade Italy, capture Rome and establish the office of Vicarius Christi (Vicar of Christ).
It is certain that the Holy Roman Emperors of Constantinople had spies aware of the plans of the brothers, as fragmentary history points to Emperor Constantine V (741- 775) reinforcing the garrison at Rome-- at the expense of defending his Exarch (Ravenna) --against a Frankish attack. Carloman left for Rome by 747, landing a sizeable force against the Byzantines.
By 751, Carloman was victorious and Rome was captured. However, rather than claiming Rome as part of the Frankish Empire, Carloman enacted the next stage of the plan of the brothers and renounced his previous life, changed his name to Zacharias (in honor of the exiled High Priest father of John the Baptist) and the title Vicarius Christi -- or Vicar of Christ.
On producing the Donation of Constantine, Zacharias then issued the first ever "Papal Bull" in summarily excommunicating the entire Byzantine royal family, the Patriarch and his bishops. Now, for the first time in 21 years, the Pippins could rid themselves of the stigma of excommunication- the work of Vicarius Christi Zacharias (Carloman) legally neutralizing the Byzantines by claiming their church had no apostolic authority.
But before Pepin could be crowned by the "legitimate" Patriarch of christianity of the Catholic Church, the Byzantines unleashed everything they could, abandoning whole parts of their Empire in an attempt to defeat the brothers. Pepin was now faced once again with open rebellion across the empire, fermented by Byzantine spies while Carloman, the first "Pope" ever of the Catholic Church was himself under attack again by fresh Byzantine troops.
In a bold move in the same year (751), Zacharias anointed his younger brother Winfred as his emissary, while Pepin created yet two more forgeries- the Chair of St. Peter and the document known as the Letter of St. Peter from which the concept of Peter's Pence was born.
Pepin summonsed King Childeric III ordering him to summonse his nobles to meet him at St. Denis where Childeric III resigned-- while Pepins troops watched on. Winfred then produced both the Chair of St. Peter and the Letter of St. Peter as "proof" to the nobles of the legitimate authority of Zacharias in Rome and that the curse of excommunication against the Pippins has indeed been nulified. With that, Winfred crowned his own brother Pepin on the "Chair of St. Peter" - King of the Frankish Empire.
Their victory was shortlived however, as the following year (752) Vicarius Christi Zacharias and many of his family were murdered by Byzantine forces launching a surprise assault. This event in 752 --more than any other--changed forever the behaviour of Pepin towards dissent, troublesome nobles and his ambitions for the Catholic Church and Empire.
Carloman's son (Pope Stephen I) managed to escape back to Frankish territory where Pepin undertook a lavish ceremony and the first "coronation" in history at St. Denis Bascilica where "Pope" Stephen crowned King Pepin (his uncle) as patricius Romanorum (Patrician of the Romans).
To strengthen the claim of the Pippins and their fledgling Catholic Church, the master forgers of the Abbey of St. Denis were commissioned to create a master work in the Liber Pontificalis ("Lives of the Pontiffs")-- Stephen now officially titled Pontiff or Pope (the first in history)--reinforcing the ancient pagan position of Pontifex Maximus to the head of the Catholic Church, the Vicarius Christi.
Entirely ficticious bloodlines and stories were interwoven with known history to create this master forgery--the Liber Pontificalus -- until a complete succession of "Popes" could be claimed from St. Peter to "Pope Stephen".
Both Pepin and Stephen remained in creative development of the Catholic Church at St. Denis until the Franks launched their fleet and attack on Rome in 755. The Byzantine garrison were slaughtered to the man. Pepin then engaged the forces of Lombard King Aistulf showing no quarter.
Within less than a year, the once "invincible Lombards" had been cut to pieces by the professional Frankish Army. By 756, Pepin had conquered all the territory formerly held by the Exarch of Ravenna and driven King Aistulf. Historic myth claims that Pepin permitted Aistulf to live and that he "accidentally" died hunting soon after. Yet there is no hiding the Franks were somehow possessed warriors in how they dispatched the Lombards. No prisoners. No noble terms for later rebellion.
By the end of 756 after the elimination of all major threats upon the Italian Peninsula, Pepin then undertook one of the most extraordinary and unique actions in history- he ensured that the lands previously occupying the Byzantine Christian Exarch of Ravenna were given to the Pontiff and the Catholic Church, now named the Roman Catholic Church for the first time in history.
This act of Pepin has two fundamental effects for his fledgling Catholic Church. Firstly, it meant there existed vast land holdings now in control of the Pope as absolute Monarch - unprecedented power for a high priest of any religion. Even the Patriarch Primate of the Christian Church in Constantinople was subservient to the Emperor -- in recognition of how christianity was first formed by Holy Roman Emperor Constantine.
The second effect of Pepin's Donation (Donation of Pepin) was that it validated in an unprecedented way the claimed apostolic succession and story of the Donation of Constantine, the Liber Pontificalis, St Peter's Chair, Peter's Pence and all the other forgeries manufactured at St. Denis less than 10 years previously.
It was also the ultimate tribute to the excommunication his father (Charles Martel) and the war of the Pippins against the Christian Church - by their own church holding the very same land as absolute monarchs.
Pepin left a sizeable part of his army in Italy in the service of his nephew Stephen, and returned to launch a bloody assault on the Saracens in Gaul, driving the once "invincible Moors" out of Gaul, integrating the Acquitaine region fully into his kingdom.
However, in 768 Pepin was killed during a campaign. His body was returned to the Mother Church of the Roman Catholic Church of St. Denis to be buried. But in an extraordinary wish, he was not buried within the Bascilica but face down outside the entrance as eternal penance for breaking the knightly vow of mercy to his enemy and dishonoring his father. Today, this final act of penance for redemption is deliberately twisted to claim shame existed in the "sins of his father" --a horrendous lie.
Pepin is listed as one of the most evil people of the 8th Century moreso for the effect of the forgeries he created, including the effect formation of the Roman Catholic Church would have on the future of the world.
Most Evil Crimes
List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime