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Abī Sufyān ibn Harb

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Key Facts
Other names Sakhr ibn Harb, Abu Sufyan
Born 560
Location Mecca
Bloodline Yūsuf (Umay-yad)
Married Yes
Children Yes, Mu‘āwīyah ibn Abī Sufyān
Position Leader of the Umayyad
Died 650 (Aged 90)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source of Facts and Important Announcement
Status Under Article 64.6 of the Covenant of One-Heaven (Pactum De Singularis Caelum) by Special Qualification shall be known as a Saint, with all sins and evil acts they performed forgiven.
Date of formal Beatification Day of Redemption GAIA E1:Y1:A1:S1:M9:D1 also known as [Fri, 21 Dec 2012].
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.
Source of Facts Self Confession and Revelation of Sainthood by the Deceased Spirit as condition of their confirmation as a true Saint.

 

Background

Born in Mecca (Arabia) to Harb ibn Shamir also known as Harb ibn Umayya, the last of the Sadducee Jewish Royal Family to hold the throne of Himyar (570-579).

He fled the royal palace of his father in 579 after the Ethiopians murdered the King and returned to Mecca. While still at a young age, it is presumed he sought the support of Shah Hormizd IV (579-590) of Persia, but with no success.

It is almost certain the betrayal of the Persians had a lasting impact on him and the subsequent methods and approach of the Umayyad.

While the Umayyad retained militia, it appears Abu Sufyan devoted more of his time towards re-establishing a financial position in trade, by coordinating the Nabatean bedouin in effect to be land pirates under his control.

By 613 when Muhammad the Prophet started preaching in Mecca, Abu Sufyan had become more of a trading mogul than an exiled prince, or guerilla fighter like his father.

While Abu Sufyan resented the "Sufiya" philosophy of Muhammad (later called Sufi), he was impressed at the ability to attract followers and instill strong discipline and loyalty.

He appointed a cousin, Uthmān ibn ‘Affān of noble Sadducee Jewish blood, to go and join Muhammad on the pre-text of becoming a Muslim, but report back on their affairs. There is some dispute as to the accuracy of the date of Uthman's mission being as early as 611 and the second convert. It is much more probable that his mission began as late as 622 when Muhammad had amassed a significant following.

Uthmān provded not only to be a superb double-agent, but later himself managed to kill his way to the position of Caliph.

Abu Sufyan proved himself a hopeless military leader. But thanks to the treachery of Uthmān managed to win several key battles against the Muslims. Yet for every thousand Muslim converts who willingly gave their lives against the bedouin and Umayyad militia of Aby Sufyan, five thousand more joined.

Around 631/632, Abu Sufyan was soundly defeated and in an act of brilliance, immediately converted himself, his whole family and his captured supporters to Islam.

In response, Muhammad was urged by Uthmān to spare his life and thus the Umayyad dynasty was now established as one of the founding dynasties of Islam.

While it is alleged Abu Sufyan lost an eye not long after as a key Muslim General, he lived long enough to see Uthmān become the third Caliph.

Most Evil Crimes

List of most evil crimes Type Year Crime